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5 best alternatives of metformin


Metformin is a medication that is typically taken orally, in daily doses of 500-2000 milligrams. It is used to treat type 2 diabetes or PCOS. Metformin is an affordable, safe & effective medication and therefore is a popular treatment choice.

Some common side effects, such as nausea, vomiting, diarrhea, and bloating, may lead to people choosing other options instead.

Alternatives to Metformin are as follows:

Canagliflozin: Canagliflozin is a medicine used to control glucose levels in the blood by making the body push out excess sugar through urine. The typical dosage may range between 100-300mg daily and can be consumed by people of all age groups. Common side effects may include frequent urination, increased thirst, dry mouth & constipation.

Dapagliflozin: Dapagliflozin can be used to treat type 2 diabetes in combination with diet and exercise. It helps in lowering blood sugar levels. It is a sodium-glucose co-transporter 2 (SGLT2) inhibitor that works by flushing out extra glucose from the kidneys and bladder via urine. The typical dosage may range from 5-10 mg per day.

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Common side effects can lead to frequent urination and low blood pressure.

Empagliflozin: It is a part of the class of medicines known as SGLT2 and works by prompting the kidneys to flush out extra glucose through urine. Common side effects can cause thirst and urination, etc. The typical recommended dosage is between 10-25 mg per day.

Repaglinide: Repaglinide is a drug that lowers blood sugar levels by stimulating insulin release from the pancreas. It’s used to treat type 2 diabetes and is advised to be taken before meals. Recommended dosage range between 0.5-4 mg per meal, with a maximum dose of 16 mg per day. Side effects can lead to Low blood sugar also called hypoglycemia.

Pioglitazone:  Pioglitazone belongs to the thiazolidinediones drug class. In order to work, it binds to receptors in fat cells and helps them to be removed from circulation and as a result, insulin sensitivity is increased. The side effects of this medication include weight gain, headaches, muscle pains, sore throat, and acidity. The typical recommended dosage is around 15-45 mg per day.

These 5 medicines are the best alternative to metformin and a popular treatment choice for type 2 diabetes.

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